GENDER DIFFERENCES AMONG PATIENTS COME THROUGH CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING

  • L.M. Aktayeva Research Institute for Cardiology and Internal Diseases, Kazakhstan, Almaty
  • K.B. Abzaliyev Research Institute for Cardiology and Internal Diseases, Kazakhstan, Almaty
  • G.A. Aldangarova Research Institute for Cardiology and Internal Diseases, Kazakhstan, Almaty
Keywords: gender differences, factors of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease progression, coronary angiography

Abstract

In order to study the gender differences of the patients with a direct revascularization, clinical records of the patients who got a hospital treatment in Cardiac Surgery Department of the Research Institute for Cardiology and Internal Diseases from 01.01.2015 till 31.12.2017 were studied. The study engaged 54 women (27.7%) and 141 men (72.3%). The average age of the participant, regardless of sex, is 63.0 years old; among women-64; among men -62. It was concluded that diabetes mellitus (44.4% versus 21.3%), thyroid disease (16.7% versus (1.4%) were the most significant factors of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease progression. Among women arterial hypertension of the 3rd degree is more common - in 92.6% of cases, among men in 68.1% of cases. Among men, smoking has the most important impact, 53.9% compared to 3.7%, acute cerebrovascular disease in a medical history among men is by a two-to-one margin. There are fewer overweight women than men (38.95 versus 53.6%). According to data of coronary angiography, the defeat of left coronary artery trunk is revealed among 25.9% of women and among 29.8% of men, three-vessel disease of coronary arteries is registered among 87% of women and among 85.1% of men, the average number of shunts for female-2.76 (±0.8) and for male-3.13 (±0.7). All of these data indicate atherosclerotic damage to hemodynamically significant coronary arteries and almost the same number of applied shunts. The reliable gender difference has been not identified under coronarography protocols.

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Published
2019-09-20
How to Cite
Aktayeva, L., Abzaliyev, K., & Aldangarova, G. (2019). GENDER DIFFERENCES AMONG PATIENTS COME THROUGH CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING. Reproductive Medicine, (3(40), 13-17. Retrieved from https://repromed.org/index.php/journal/article/view/94