LEGAL REGULATIONS OF ART IN FRENCH LEGISLATION

  • A. Dyuka European and Comparative law department - University Paris X, expert in international family law at 116000. Paris, France.
Keywords: assisted reproductive technologies, surrogacy, French legislation, ART reforms

Abstract

France is one of the rare countries which implements the fundamental mechanism for improving legislation on Bioethics. Since 1994, every five years bioethics laws are revised in order to follow medical advances (medicine), authorize new practices and impose restrictions, expressly in order to guarantee the fundamental principles laid down by the Law N94-653 of 29 July 1994 (dignity, primacy of the human person, inviolability, integrity and non-ownership of the human body and its elements). Medically assisted procreation (ART) is one of the fields under regular review. This article outlines the French law on ART and surrogacy. In spite of the fact that surrogacy is prohibited in France, the infertile couples seek surrogacy outside of the country. Over the last few years, under pressure from the ECHR and expressly to protect child interests, the French relaxed their position in order to recognize the affiliation of children born from surrogacy. The current revision of bioethical laws aims, among other things, to open up access to ART for all women (including single women and lesbian couples) and to simplify the recognition in France of the affiliation of children born by surrogacy abroad.

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Published
2020-06-20
How to Cite
Dyuka, A. (2020). LEGAL REGULATIONS OF ART IN FRENCH LEGISLATION. Reproductive Medicine, (2(43), 17-21. https://doi.org/10.37800/RM2020-1-11